Dehradun, January 6
The Nainital High Court has directed district magistrates of all the 13 districts of Uttarakhand to ensure that no unregistered dog breeder is allowed to conduct business.

The direction came following a public interest litigation (PIL) filed by Gauri Maulekhi, Uttarakhand member-secretary of People for Animals (PFA) and co-opted member of Animal Welfare Board of India (AWBI), against illegal dog breeders.
The court directed the district magistrates to ensure that no one carries on dog breeding without proper permission under the Animal Birth Control (Dogs) Rules, 2001.
As per the Animal Birth Control Rules, 2001 framed under the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals Act, 1960, all breeders and exhibitors of dogs have to get registered with the AWBI.
In June 2012, an AWBI team visited some of the unregistered puppy mills in Uttarakhand and found that a large number of dogs were kept in horrifying conditions. A report was submitted to the Forest and Rural Development Commissioner and FIR applications were moved but no action was taken against the offenders.
Maulekhi then filed a PIL in December 2012 in the Nainital High Court. The writ petition stated that puppy mills in the state were flouting all rules and regulations and keeping hundreds of dogs chained up for months in filthy conditions without proper food and veterinary care.
Maulekhi observed that the breeders resort to heinous ways of killing the unsold puppies, the most popular method to drown them.
She said the registration with the AWBI involves tagging all the dogs with radio-frequency microchips. “The detailed identities of all buyers have to be maintained and it has to be ensured that the buyers are aware of the pup care guidelines. It has to be ensured that all unsold puppies are rehabilitated with the help of a registered NGO,” Maulekhi observed.

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