Dehradun, July 4
The road for the construction of a Shishambara Scientific Land Fill (SLF) under solid waste management is full of hurdles. Though the project has got clearance from the Ministry of Environment and Forests, it will now need permission from the Forest Department for cutting down around 100 trees. It will also need approval from the State Pollution Control Board before going ahead with construction work for the SLF.
The bigger obstacle is to obtain necessary clearance from the Ground Water Authority for the use of groundwater. The Expert Appraisal Committee (EAC) has laid tough conditions for the Dehradun Municipal Corporation (DMC) for carrying out construction at the site. The members of the EAC will make periodical visits to the site to ensure that the necessary guidelines were followed properly.
Garbage collected from all over the city is dumped at the trenching ground and not treated for manure or recycled. The proposal of the SLF, which is meant to treat garbage and recycle it, awaited clearance from the Ministry of Environment and Forests for the past two years. Now, after getting clearance it will take one more year to complete other formalities and construction work.
The DMC will have to develop a green belt of 20 metres all along the boundary of the SLF and at least 30 metres on the riverside. Connectivity to roads will also have to be provided according to the guidelines.
The biggest concern of the Ministry of Environment and Forests that the local river can get polluted due to the project has again been raised. The EAC has directed the DMC to carry out periodical monitoring of groundwater and soil to check the level of pollution in and around the site. As the DMC has suggested that waste can be transported through village roads, the EAC has directed it to widen the roads so that villagers do not face any inconvenience and the work at the site too continues unhindered.
The DMC will also have to give in writing that the project will fulfil all provisions of the hazardous wastes management, handling and trans-boundary movement rules, 2008, including collection of waste and design of the project.
Since gas emanating from such a site will be poisonous, the EAC has asked the DMC to tap and dispose of the gas according to the scientific measures prescribed in the rules. The same goes for the prescribed standards for collection and treatment of the residue from the facility. The depth of the land fill site will be decided based on the groundwater table there. The DMC will also prepare an onsite emergency management plan to deal with any emergency. 

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